1. Action Center
Use Action Center to make sure your firewall is on, your antivirus software is up to date, and your is computer set to install updates automatically. For more information, see How does Action Center check for problems?
2. Windows Defender
Use Windows Defender to help prevent spyware and other potentially unwanted software from being installed on your computer without your knowledge. For more information, see Using Windows Defender.
3. User Account Control
User Account Control asks for your permission before installing software or opening certain kinds of programs that could potentially harm your computer or make it vulnerable to security threats. For more information, see What is User Account Control?
4. Backup and Restore
It's important to back up your files and settings regularly so that if you get a virus or have any kind of hardware failure, you can recover your files. For more information about backing up your files, search for "back up" in Help and Support.
Download Free NIST SP Information Security Testing and Assessment Engagement Templates
Identifies the purpose of the document as well as the organization being tested, the group conducting the testing (or, if an external entity, the organization engaged to conduct the testing), and the purpose of the security test.
Identifies test boundaries in terms of actions and expected outcomes.
1.3. Assumptions and Limitations
Identifies any assumptions made by the organization and the test team. These may relate to any aspect of the test to include the test team, installation of appropriate safeguards for test systems, etc.
Inherent risks exist when conducting information security tests—particularly in the case of intrusive tests. This section should identify these risks, as well as mitigation techniques and actions to be employed by the test team to reduce them.
1.5. Document Structure
Outlines the ROE’s structure, and describes the content of each section.
Information Security Assessment Implementation Checklists
What should organization prepare before perform information security assessment process? NIST recommend the following things to be performed:
1. Establish an information security assessment policy.
This identifies the organization’s requirements for executing assessments, and provides accountability for the appropriate individuals to ensure assessments are conducted in accordance with these requirements. Topics that an assessment policy should address include the organizational requirements with which assessments must comply, roles and responsibilities, adherence to an established assessment methodology, assessment frequency, and documentation requirements.
2. Implement a repeatable and documented assessment methodology.
This provides consistency and structure to assessments, expedites the transition of new assessment staff, and addresses resource constraints associated with assessments. Using such a methodology enables organizations to maximize the value of assessments while minimizing possible risks introduced by certain technical assessment techniques. These risks can range from not gathering sufficient information on the organization’s security posture for fear of impacting system functionality to affecting the system or network availability by executing techniques without the proper safeguards in place. Processes that minimize risk caused by certain assessment techniques include using skilled assessors, developing comprehensive assessment plans, logging assessor activities, performing testing off-hours, and conducting tests on duplicates of production systems (e.g., development systems). Organizations need to determine the level of risk they are willing to accept for each assessment, and tailor their approaches accordingly.
3. Determine the objectives of each security assessment, and tailor the approach accordingly.
The Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) regulates the privacy of data and communications in transit by any means of transfer (wire, radio, electromagnetic, photo optical, etc.) which it defines as:
The Act is limited in scope in that it does not cover the following:
- Oral communications (i.e. voice);
- Communications made through a tone-only paging device;
- Any communication from a court sanctioned ‘tracking device’
- Electronic funds transfers.
Financial institutions need to be prepared to resume operations as quickly and efficiently as possible after a disaster or other adverse incident. In an Internet environment, these threats may include the loss of Internet access by the institution or loss of access to the institution via the Internet by its customers.
The contingency plan should cover the following areas:
- Define the roles and responsibilities for each team member in the event of a problem situation.
- Identify the risks posed by each system deployed.
- Detail strategies and procedures for recovery.