The Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) regulates the privacy of data and communications in transit by any means of transfer (wire, radio, electromagnetic, photo optical, etc.) which it defines as:
The Act is limited in scope in that it does not cover the following:
- Oral communications (i.e. voice);
- Communications made through a tone-only paging device;
- Any communication from a court sanctioned ‘tracking device’
- Electronic funds transfers.
FISMA is the US Government Federal Information Security Management Act. It was passed by congress and signed into law in December of 2002 as part of the E-Government Act in order to address the issue of the information security of all US Government agencies. The US Government agency NIST, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, provides a framework to aid agencies in implementing the programs for compliance with FISMA in the form of several standards, requirements, guidelines and recommendations documents.